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Mousae, Inspirers.
Alternate meanings: Thinkers, Mountain-Goddesses.
[to Whom the fourteenth day of September, day 257, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Greek: They are especially associated with Mt. Olympus, Mt. Helicon and Mt. Parnassus.
Linguistic Note: Muse, 'to think deepley, to meditate', (F-L). M.E. musen. -F. muser, to muse, dream. Cot. -OF. muse, 'the mouth, muzzle'. "The image is that of a dog sniffing the air when in doubt as to the scent". Cf. Italian musare. 'to muse', also 'gape about', "to hold one's muzzle or snout in the aire", from Italian muso, 'snout'. Derived English words: amuse, muse, museum, music, muzzle.
Description: Originally mountain inhabiting nine-fold Goddess of springs, inspiration, music, song, dance, healing and cursing by incantation, and prophesy.
In classical times They became: Goddesses of literature, music, the dance and intellectual pursuits in general; Those Who inspire Their devotees to creative activity; {Matrons of theatre, opera, and concert hall}.
Invocations, Pleas, Hymns and Other Homage to HER: Mousae.
At some point the addition of Arethusa, Waterer, as Muse of pastoral poetry brought Their number up to ten. {An unGoddesslike number!}

Composed of:
Muse of pastoral poetry, a late inclusion
Arethusa, Waterer, (Who is linked with Alphito, White-Goddess).
Muse of eloquence and epic poetry,
Calliope, The-Beautiful-Voiced.
Muse of history,
Clio, Fame-Giver, (Who is linked with Fama, Report).
Muse of erotic poetry and mime,
Erato, The-Passionate, below.
Muse of lyric poetry and music,
Euterpe, Joy-Giver, below.
Muse of tragedy,
Melpomene, Singing, below.
Muse of astronomy,
Ourania, Heavenly-One.
Muse of the sacred poetry and hymns,
Polyhymnia, Many-Hymns, below.
Muse of choral dance and song,
Terpsichore, Lover-of-Dancing, below.
Muse of comedy,
Thaleia, Festive-One, below.
To Whom Sacred: the Spring of Aganippe at the foot of Mount Helicon. It appears the traditional masks of comedy and tradegy, sacred to Thaleia, Festive-One, and Melpomene, Singing, respectively, which still so frequently adorn theatres, and theatrical literature, symbolize the spectrum of the Mousae.
Male Associate: Apollo.
Source: Graves GMv1 13.4; IGEL. Check also refs: Graves WG 24, 173, 210, 225, 343, 374, 383, 386, 390-2, 418, 441, 445, 447, 448.
Aganippe, Mercifully-Destructive-Mare.
Alternate meanings: Mare-Who-Kills-Mercifully.

Geography/Culture: Greek: Boeotia. Her spring is at the foot of Mount Helicon, and Her waters flow into the Parnassus.
Description: Nymph, probably Naiad, Goddess of spring-waters and inspiration; Eponym of the spring which was struck by moon-shaped hoof of Leucippe, White-Mare.
To Whom Sacred: mare; Her spring.
Male Associate: Perhaps consort: Acrisius.

Source: Kravitz WWGRM/12.
Castalides, Muse-Goddesses-of-the-Kastalia-Spring.

Geography/Culture: Greek: Mount Parnassus.
Linguistic Note: perhaps akin to katharo(mikron)s, {looks like program created a mistake, but I have nothing in the hardcopy about this -- try checking IGEL). 'pure, clear, unpolluted'. Latin, castus.

Erato, Beloved-One.
Alternate meanings: Awakener-of-Desire, Passionate.

Geography/Culture: Greek?
Description: Originally Queen of oak groves.
To Whom Sacred: as one of the Mousae, Inspirers, small lyre.

Euterpe, Joy-Giver.
Alternate meaning: Rejoicing-Well.

Geography/Culture: Greek?
Description: Muse Goddess of lyric poetry and music.
To Whom Sacred: double-flute.

Melpomene, Singing.

Geography/Culture: Greek?
Linguistic Note: Derived English words: melody? melodious? melancholy?
Description: Muse Goddess of tragedy.
To Whom Sacred: corurnus (vine leave wreathe); tragic mask.

Polyhymnia, Many-Hymns.
Alternate meanings: {Source-of-Songs-of-Praise}, {She-of-Many-Hymns}

Geography/Culture: Greek? Description: Muse Goddess of sacred poetry and hymns.
To Whom Sacred: veil; attitude of thought.

Terpsichore, Lover-of-Dancing.

Geography/Culture: Greek? Description: Muse Goddess of choral dance and song.
To Whom Sacred: cithara (lyre).

Thaleia, Festive-One.
Alternate meanings: Blooming, She-Who-Brings-the-Flowers, Abundance, Plenty, Good-Cheer.

Geography/Culture: Greek?
Description: Muse of comedy.
To Whom Sacred: comic mask; ivy-wreathe; shepherds staff.

worked on: September, August, July 1995; August 1991; December 1990.
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