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Calliope, The-Beautiful-Voiced.
Alternate meanings: Beauteous-Face, Beautiful-Face, Fair-Face.
[to Whom the sixth day of August, day 218, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Greek, especially Thrace.
Linguistic Note: from Greek kappa-alpha-lambda-lambda-omincron-sigma, (kallos), 'beauty'; and -omicron-pi-eta, (-ope), 'an opening, hole'. I have also found -ope translated as 'face'.
Description: Originally Goddess of the full moon, the tripartite flax year, rhythm and song; Ruler of the women's Mysteries that turn flax into linen; Arbitrator; She Who can play any musical instrument.
Later: She became the last of, yet enjoying supremacy over, the Mousae, as Muse Goddess of eloquence and epic poetry and history. Also called the chief, the most distinguished of the Mousae.
To Whom Sacred: flax-plant; the processes of drying, beating, macerating and spinning flax; linen; pounding rhythms; dirges (ie. the Flaches Qual, 'Flax's Torment', Leinen Klage, 'Linen-Lament'); lyre; calliope, the instrument (similar to an organ, driven by steam), invented in the 19th cent; Calliope, the asteroid number 22 (discovered and named in the 19th century). As one of the Mousae: scroll (or wax tablets) and stylus.
Note: perhaps the dirges are reflected in lacemakers tells which are described as: 'sweet, rhythmic chants which rise and fall, often with a great many repetitive verses, which like folktales are handed down from generation to generation of lacemakers'.
Male Associates: sons, Linus and Orpheus, by consort Oeagrus, or by lover Apollo, by whom She also had sons Humenaeus and Ialemius. Perhaps Mother of Rhesus, by Strymon. Mother of the Cabeiri of Samothrace and the Corybantes by Zeus.

Source: EB: Calliope; Graves GMv2 213-4; Graves WG 391, 418; Kravitz WWGRM 50; New Larousse EM 118, 120.
Harpatsch, ----.

Geography/Culture: Austrian Alps.
Description: The title of the mortal representative of the earth Goddess during the process of linen making. She appears as a terrifying Hag whose face and hands are rubbed with soot.

Source: Graves GMv2 214-5 {and there is more}.
printed July 1990 -- worked on: July, December 1990; August (all x-refs checked and in -CYCDEX.DOC) 1991; July 1995
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