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Fornax, Oven.
[to Whom the twenty-ninth day of January, day 028, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Roman. Latium.
Linguistic Note: Related English words: furnace, from Latin forno, fornax, an oven; fornicate from Latin fornix, an arch, vaulted room, a brothel.
Description: Goddess of the mysteries of bread-baking, {wombs, and embryos}; She Who presides over the baking of bread {and embryonic development}; the Oven is the Mother.
"Roman ovens and bakeries were associated with temples of the Goddess {under what name?} and Her harlot priestesses were often called Ladies of Bread'". (And see Lada, Lady, (linked with Leto, Lady). An English folk expression for pregnancy is to have a bun in the oven.
To Whom Sacred: bread; {yeast; embryos}; gorgon masks (on oven doors -- a practice instituted by Greek bakers to prevent people opening the oven and spoiling the bread).
Festival: February 17 (or earlier). One Roman orgiastic feast was called the Fornacalia, Oven-feast, which seems a likely name for a feast of Fornax, and may be the name of the February 17 festival.
Male Associates: Her worship was introduced by Numa Pompilius, whose dates are 715 to 672 BCE.

Source: COED; Walker WEMS 381; Kravitz WWGRM 102. Images: {possibly use image of Vesta as tutelary Goddes of the bakers' guild, Larousse LWM 179.}
Epiclibanios, She-Who-Watches-Over-Ovens.

Geography/Culture: Greek.
Description: Goddess of bread-baking.

worked on: October 1995; May 1992; August 1991.
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