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Turan, Great-Goddess.
Alternate meanings: Queen, Lady, Ruler .
[to Whom the twenty-fourth day of July, day 205, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Italy: Etruscan. Especially Orvieto where a shrine with, possibly, Her image was discovered in a cemetery called Canicella, of the 3rd quarter of the 6th century. The Earliest reference to Her is from Cerveteri mid-7th century; Veii approx 525 BCE (ie 1st decade of the 6th. century {but perhaps the 1st decade means the last!}.
Linguistic Note: apparently related to Turannos, Lydian for 'Lord' or 'Prince'; and to Tursa, a place name in Lydia, and to Trysenoi Greek name for the Etruscans, which may therefore mean 'People of the Great Goddess'. There was a Turania with a city Turan, the people of whom were called Turanians "beyond the Oxus", who were ancestors of the Turks and Mongols.
Description: In Classical times She was: Goddess of fertility and love; Lady of life and death.
By the rule of the Disciplina Etrusca, Temples of Turan had to stand outside the city walls, so that young people and mothers of families might not be seduced by the power of Turan.
To Whom Sacred: the colours red and white; nudity; stone (a material known to have been in Etruria, peculiarly devoted to the tendance of the dead).
Iconography: She is sometimes winged.
Male Associates: son/consort, Tinia, ----, a dying and {annually?} reborn God.

Source: ETAC; New Larousse EM 322.
Turanna, Queen-of-Life.

Description: Goddess of sexual love and peaceful lives.
Tarannis, Queen-of-the-West.

Alternate meanings: Annis-of-the-West.

Geography/Culture: Celtic: Gaulish.
Description: Goddess of death.
Zirna, ----.

Geography/Culture: Etruscan.
Description: Goddess of the moon.
Iconography: She is represented with the half-moon hanging from Her neck.
To Whom Sacred: the quarter moon. Source: Monaghan BGH 311.
worked on: July 1990; July 1991; June 1995.
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