return to Home Page
or move on to Goddess Mu-Olokukurtilisop, next chronologically,
or use Her Cyclopedia Index

Mary, {Sea-Queen}.
Alternate meanings: Bitter, Of-the-Sea, [She-of-the-Waters].
[to Whom the twelfth day of September, day 255, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Christian adoption (and mortalisation) of a wide-spread Syrian Goddess.
Linguistic Note: The meaning of Mary is often given as 'bitter'. If there is an etymological connection between the Greek and Latin Maria, and the Italian feminine of marino, 'marine', from Latin mare, 'the sea' (not unlikely in view of Her association with the sea) perhaps the meaning signifies the sea by refering to the bitterness of salt-sea water as compared to fresh water. A conjuring perhaps of Christian theologians determined to downplay any resemblance Mary might have to a pagan Goddess. If it was known that Her name meant 'the Sea', Her Goddessness would be indisputable. And 'bitter' as the meaning of Mary's name is not borne out by the following etymology: Indo-European root mori, 'body of water'. 1. Germanic *mari- in a). Old English mere, 'sea, lake, pond'; b). Old Norse marr, 'sea'; c). Old High German mari, 'sea'; d). Middle Low German mare, 'lake'. 2. Germanic *mariska- in a). Old English mersc, merisc, 'marsh'; b). Old French marasc, 'marsh'. 3. Latin mare, 'sea'. 4. Old Irish muir (genitive mora), 'sea'. Related English words: Mere (2), mer-maid, Marram, Meerschaum, Maar, Marina ('Sea-Maiden' -- feminine given name, from the Latin), marsh, morass, mare (2), marine, maritime, beche-de-mare (cormorant), ultramarine, Muriel. English words derived from the name Mary: Marry! 'Mary!' (exclamation); marigold 'Mary-gold'; Marilyn (given name, probably a diminutive); Polly, variant of Molly, a diminutive.
Description: Virgin; Mother of God; Moon of the Church; Our moon; Our Lady; Spiritual Moon; Perfect and Eternal Moon; Star of the sea; Ruler of the Ocean; Queen of flowers; the Holy Spirit; Cauldron of inspiration; the Ark of the Covenant.
Note: Although in Christian theology Mary is merely a sainted mortal, it is clear from the reverence in which She is held by so many, and from Her titles shared by, and probably inherited from, many earlier Goddesses, that She is experienced as a powerful, divine, female force of a sort which in pre-Christian times would have been recognised as a Goddess. Christians call Her the first Christian!
Invocations, Pleas, Hymns and Other Homage to HER: Mary.
To Whom Sacred: Madonna lily (Lilium candidum). And by popular naming: marigold (which is also sacred to Aztec Goddesses); Marijuana; lady's slipper; lady's-tresses]; date palm; dove (i.e.: the Holy Ghost -- Her own self); the month of May; air.
Festival: August 15, some say August 13, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, (adopted from a festival of the Goddess Diana). February 2, Candlemas (adopted from the Goddess Brigit).
Male Associates: son/consort: Jesus, ----, by immaculate conception. Mortal consort, Joseph, ----.

Source: BGH/189; FTNFYB/36-7; WMAM/99-101, 130.
Madonna, My-Lady.
Alternate meanings: Madame.

Geography/Culture: Western European.
Linguistic Note: Italian ma, from Latin mea, 'my', plus donna, from Latin domina, 'Lady'.
Description: Title of Mary, frequently used for representations of Her.

Marian, Sea-Queen.

Geography/Culture: From Eastern Mediterranean. British folk-lore and wicca tradition.
Description: Blue-robed, pearl neckleted, swarthy faced Goddess of the moon and the sea: She Whose rites save sailors from shipwreck; Queen of heaven and of love; May Bride; Matron of poets, lovers and archers; Civilizing influence.
To Whom Sacred: apple; myrtle; myrrh-tree; murex; quince-tree and fruit (the fruit was always held in Her hand as a love gift); pearls (which represent sea foam); purple amulet; mirror (which probably stood for 'know thyself'); plectrum (the comb in mermaid images may be in mistake for the plectrum); the oath "Marry Gyp"; the colours white, green, blue and scarlet; penny; merritotters (see-saws).
Iconography: The traditional mermaid (originally merry-maid) is Her image.
Festival: May Day - and all May Day jolities including the begetting of merribegots.
Male Associates: consort, Robin-Hood, (originally called Merddin), Lord of the Greenwood. The test of archery marksmanship by which Her consort was chosen was for the contestant to shoot an apple on the head of, or at a penny set in the cap of, the marksman's own son.

Source: GR.GMv2/131, 304; GR.WG/371, 394-8.
Marienna, High-Fruitful-Mother-of-Heaven.

Geography/Culture: Sumerian, Cyprus, Crete.
Linguistic Note: the ri is from rim, 'to bear a child'.
Description: Goddess of the moon; eponym of the city Mariandyne.

Source: GR.GMv2/131, 235; GR.WG/371
Mater-Dolorosa, Mourning-Mother,
Alternate meanings: Our-Lady-of-Sorrows.

Geography/Culture: Western European.

Miryam, Sea-Brine.
Alternate meanings: Rebellious.

Geography/Culture: Syria: Hebraic and Moslemic.
Linguistic Note: Men-yodh-resh-mem, {I think}. Derived words: Mary, Marie.
Description: Mortal mother of God.
In an earlier, also mortal form as sister of Moses, She was associated with prophesy.
To Whom Sacred: the direction East (to which She withdrew from Her people and concieved there); palm-tree (the trunk of which She held when giving birth); dates (they sustained Her in Her travail).
Male Associate: son, Jesus, ESWS, ---.

Source: GR.WG/161, 395.
worked on: September, August; June 1995; December 1993;January, August 1991; December 1990.
Return to the top of this document.